Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright’s (1867-1959) innovative design approach and prolific output of buildings shaped the course of modern architecture in the United States. He developed his own principles toward architecture in a radical departure from the Victorian era. He thought of Victorian décor as excessive, ornamental, and eclectic. He promoted function and simplified form by limiting the number of different construction materials and using geometric and straight lines throughout his buildings to give a sense of aesthetic unity. The philosophy he termed “organic architecture” integrated the site, building, and interior into an original design scheme that worked harmoniously together as a whole.

Martin House Living Room. Photograph by Henry Fuermann, after 1905. Centre Canadien d’Architecture/Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal, PH1983:0213


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